Six civil society organisations—Teoh Beng Hock Trust for Democracy, Eliminating Deaths in Custody Together, Saya Anak Bangsa Malaysia, Suara Rakyat Malaysia, Civil Rights Committee of KLSCAH and North South Initiative—will launch the campaign against torture and deaths in custody on Saturday,16 July 2022 at the KL & Selangor Chinese Assembly Hall (KLSCAH). The event will be held at its MCPA hall and will commence at 8.30pm.

The torture and deaths of those in the custody of law enforcement agencies have been contentious issues in Malaysia for the past 15 years. In its statement dated 16 June 2010, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention revealed that from 2003 to 2007, 1,535 people had died while in the custody of prisons, rehabilitation centres and detention centres. During the same period, 85 people had lost their lives while in police custody.

On its part, the Malaysian Human Rights Commission (SUHAKAM) reported on 23 October 2021 that there were 456 custodial deaths in the year 2020. Of these, 363 had occurred in prisons, 50 at immigration detention centres, 34 at police lock-ups, and 9 at the National Anti-Drugs Agency.

Some had been tortured and killed. Others had died after being denied essential medicine or treatment. The rest had succumbed to the unnatural injuries on their bodies. Since 2020, deaths in custody have continued unabated. It is tragic that a majority of cases still go unreported and there has been no adhering to a proper inquest process.

For the bereaved families, it is still a long, long wait to see justice done for their loved ones. When, for instance, will there finally be justice for Teoh Beng Hock, for Kamarulnizam, for Syed Mohd Azlan, for Benedict Thanilas and for Pakistani refugee Rafi Ullah? True, some civil suit cases have been won but the perpetrators have yet to be brought to justice. They continue to walk free because the culture of impunity is very much alive in our society. Unless this is brought to an end by political will, justice cannot prevail!

The appalling recent statement by Home Minister Hamzah Zainudin—that anyone can die anywhere—shows his utter ignorance of the human rights violations being committed by law enforcement officers, most of whom are under the purview of his Ministry.

Given the ignorance, lack of will to pursue perpetrators relentlessly, and to entrench fair justice, it comes as no surprise, therefore, that for the past 15 years, very limited institutional reforms have been carried out to address widespread torture and deaths in custody. The coroner’s court, for one, is not specifically focussed on deaths in custody. Neither does the criminal procedure code cover all types of custody that are under the purview of our law enforcement agencies.

Furthermore, some families have accused the law enforcement agencies of denying detainees their right to have access to medicine. Hence, it is crucial that the Lock-up Rules 1953 be updated to ensure detainees their right to medicine and medical treatments, in compliance with the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners.

SUHAKAM, on its part, has called for an increase in the financial budget for improving the health services in detention centres and also for the setting-up of a custodial health unit.

We are very much aware that the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission Act allows its enforcement officers to summon persons to testify from day to day, virtually giving the MACC uncontrolled power to interrogate a person indefinitely. It is evident that unbridled interrogations on the part of MACC officers have led to deaths, physical and psychological torture as well as degrading and inhuman treatment.

Without comprehensive human rights training for law enforcement agency officers, torture and deaths in custody will never stop. What is needed is a team of professional and well-trained enforcement officers who uphold human rights and will treat detainees as persons with dignity and rights, regardless of nationality, ethnicity, social status or criminal records.

For those from vulnerable communities, such as refugees and migrant workers, the government must ensure they have access to their family, social workers, lawyers while under detention.


Our five demands in this campaign against torture and deaths in custody are as follows:

1. Conduct mandatory inquest for all deaths in custody

Section 334 of the Criminal Procedure Code (inquest proceedings) should be amended to make it mandatory for inquests to be conducted into all custodial deaths that occur in all detention, correctional and rehabilitation centres of all government agencies.

2. Enact a ‘Coroner’s Court Act’

An act to establish the Coroner’s Court to specifically deal with all custodial deaths should be enacted to ensure there is integrity, accountability and transparency in all investigations and public reporting of outcomes. This is imperative for justice to be served and for restoring public confidence in the processes, systems and institutions involved.

3. Uphold detainees’ right of access to medical and healthcare services

The Lockup Rules 1953 should be revised to protect detainees’ right of access to medicine and healthcare services. Detainees with poor health records or chronic diseases should be placed under designated in-house medical facilities at centres.

4. Stop prolonged interrogation and torture

No detainee should be subjected to long hours of interrogation or ill-treatment which includes physical assault, psychological abuse, inhuman detention conditions and restraints. All Agencies must conduct interrogation only between 9am and 6pm

5. Provide mandatory human rights training for officers

All officers of the PDRM, the MACC, the Prisons Department, the Immigration Department and other government agencies directly involved in policing and enforcement work must first attend and pass a compulsory human rights training and certification programme.

We cordially invite members of the public to join us on Saturday, 16 July 2022 at the KL & Selangor Chinese Assembly Hall for the launch of the campaign against torture and deaths in custody.

In conjunction with the launch of the campaign, the co-organisers will also pay tribute to senior social activist Haris Ibrahim, who has been wholeheartedly supporting a number of social movements of fighting against deaths in custody, we highly appreciate his contribution to the movements.

Please click the link to RSVP your attendance :

Any public enquiry concerning the launch of the campaign please contact Tong at 0111-0909809.

Teoh Beng Hock Trust for Democracy

Eliminating Deaths in Custody Together

Saya Anak Bangsa Malaysia

Suara Rakyat Malaysia

Civil Rights Committee of KLSCAH

North South Initiative

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