隆雪华堂妇女组2013年国际妇女节:“友善家庭政策”宣言 2013 International Women’s Day: Declaration on the Implementation of Family Friendly Policies

目标:落实友善家庭政策,提升妇女经济地位,迈向和谐健康社会。

友善家庭政策是一项措施,目的为协助员工平衡工作及生活上的需求,减低工作对家庭所造成的冲击。
自80年代开始,受高等教育的大馬妇女比率持续提高,2011年大馬女性大学毕业生占57%,比男性更髙,但在职场就业率多年以来却都未出现显著成长,一直停留在44-47%的水平。 同时,即使工作性质及年资与男性相似,但职场妇女的薪水与待遇却比男性低,担任高职的妇女甚至低于10%。
我们了解,我国女性就业率偏低,主要观念偏差与职场环境与策略有关。产假不足,没有育婴假,让育有婴孩的母亲只有选择离职;职场范围内没有托儿所或托儿服务不完善等问题,造成部分妇女产后无法继续工作。而玻璃天花板的障碍与同工不同酬的问题,也让女性无法改善自身的经济地位。

我们一致认为友善家庭政策可以帯来的好处有:
* 穏定家庭的收入,避免穷困。
* 减缓因年龄,性别,家庭结构及家庭收入等因素所造成的偏差。
* 协助“工作与生活平衡”。
* 促进两性平等。
* 让父母有更多时间照顾孩子及老人,促进亲子关系及家人的感情。
* 减轻劳资短缺问题及减少依赖外籍女佣。
* 充份开拓女性人力资源。
* 提升及巩固国家生产效率。

因此,我们要求政府重新认识友善家庭政策的重要和必要性,并正面看待我国女性在经济与政治授权方面的极大落差,严重影响马来西亚在国际舞台的表现。

我们要求政府:
1.    即该成立独立特工队,全面调查女性就业率偏低及妇女贫穷问题的症结所在。
2.    根据调查所得,优先处理急須协助的弱势群体。
3.    设定家庭最低收入为RM1,200,并为这些家庭的孩子提供免费交通、托儿所及医疗服务。
4.    倡议同工同酬意识,消除一切对女性不公的观念及措施。
5.    设定于5年(即2018年)内迖至女性30%决策权。
6.    系统化在各区域设立合格及完善育婴及托儿服务。
7.    强制私人企业及社团在办公楼设置托儿所,并给予补助。
8.    鼓励私人企业及社团提供90天产假,15天的陪产假,30天有薪育婴假及150天无薪育婴假的福利措施,并给予相关企业享有税务回扣及表扬。
9.    鼓励私人界及社团设立弹性工作時间表予已婚妇女。

我们促请政府认同女性对家庭,社会及国家的伟大贡献。友善家庭政策可塑造一个健康和谐的社会,我们会极力争取及监督政府实践以上诉求。我们坚持认为马来西亚妇女的幸福必须由全体公民携手去创造。

联署签名表格 Endorser Signature Form:
Signature Form

Family Friendly Policies are policies designed to enable employees to balance the demands of paid work and personal life towards minimizing the impact of work upon family life.

The factors that motivate the need for immediate implementation of family-friendly policies are:-
1. To assist women in career advancement;
2. To enhance women’s financial standing; and
3. To achieve a harmonious and healthy society.

Since the beginning of 1980s, the number of female University students in Malaysia continue on the raise. In 2011, the statistic of female graduates has recorded a height of 57%, which is much higher than the male graduates. However, it is regrettable to note that there is no significant growth in the female employment rate and for many years the number had remain stagnant between 44% and 47%. Beside, there is also this inequality in salary between male and female employees notwithstanding that both the male and female employees are of the same seniority and doing similar kind of duties. The women employees invariably will always be paid a lower salary. The participation of women in the executive level remains below 10%.

As we all understand, the main reasons attributed to the low employment rate of women employees in Malaysia are:-
1) workplace environment and policies. Some child-bearing employees were compelled to quit employment due to insufficient maternity support and care including maternity leave.
2) lack or absence of childcare centers or inadequate childcare services had also resulted in some women employees unable to continue working.
3) the obstacle of the glass ceiling and inequality in salary structures are also factors which had retarded and in some cases terminated women from career advancement and enhancing their financial standing.

Family friendly policies are part of a win-win situation. Everyone involved benefits from them. The policies are good for the children, parents and eldest; they are in the best interest of employers in the long run, benefiting communities and the society in general. Some of the specific reasons why family-friendly policies are worthy to strive for are as follows:-
– stabilizing family income and preventing poverty.
– lessening inequalities linked to age, gender, family structure and household income.
– supporting “work-life balance”.
– furthering gender equality.
– granting parents time to care for their children and their elders thus fostering the bondage between parent and child and the relationship among family members.
– improving children’s well-being and educational outcomes.
– alleviating labor shortages and lessening the dependency on foreign maid.
– preventing the under-utilization of women’s invaluable human capital.
– raising and maintaining high level of national productivity.

Premise upon the above, we urge our Government to re-visit and recognize the importance and necessity of family friendly policies, to view positively and seriously the disparity between men and women genders socially financially and politically which had adversely affected Malaysia’s performance and standing internationally.

We appeal to the Government:-
1) to establish an independent and special taskforce to investigate into the factors resulting in low employment rate among women.
2) base  on the outcome of the investigation, to render immediate help and assistance to the less fortunate and needy stratum of the society.
3) to fix the minimum household income at RM1,200.00 per month and to provide children from families with such monthly income with free transportation, daycare centers and medical services.
4) to  promote  awareness  of  equality  in  wages  for  both  men  and   women.
5) employees doing the same type of job, to eliminate all forms of wrong perception and  discrimination against women.
6) to set a time frame of five (5) years to attain the target of 30% of women participation in policy making process.
7) to set up systematically appropriate nursing and childcare services in all township and housing estate.
8) to impose upon private entrepreneurs and business to compulsorily set up childcare centers in all offices and to provide specific guidelines and supervision together with subsidy to maintain such centers.
9) to encourage private sector to provide welfare amenities such as: 90 days maternity leave, 15 days paternity leave, 30 days paid childcare leave and 150 days childcare leave without pay without loss of former employment, seniority or allowances. The Government to grant incentives such as tax reliefs to employer for implementing family-friendly policies.
10) to encourage public and private sectors to introduce flexible working time arrangements for married women.

We earnestly hope the Government recognizes women’s enormous contribution towards families, communities and nation. Family friendly policies can help shape a healthy and harmonious society beneficial to the nation. We shall fervently keep vigilance on our Government to honour and implement family friendly policies. We strongly believe the well-being of our Malaysian Women require the joint and consolidated effort of all the “rakyat”.

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