隆雪华堂建筑介绍

凡走过必留下痕迹,但不一定有感觉!

唯有眼到、手到、心到、具有特色的地方才能烙印感觉,留下一些记忆。

吉隆坡暨雪兰莪中华大会堂成立于1923年;会所建筑则是在民国廿三年(1934年)落成,并由雪兰莪苏丹殿下主持开幕典礼。马来西亚文化艺术及文物部于2007年将隆雪华堂建筑列为国家文化遗产,2005年也曾拨款修护一楼讲堂。

一座好的建筑,原则上必须包含三大要素,即实用、坚固、美观。
作为一个公共空间,近80年来,熙来攘往,人们在隆雪华堂这座建筑里忙于开会、聆听讲座、观赏舞台演出、出席宴庆,处理各种事务,以及参加各类活动等。众人一贯的方向,直奔礼堂、讲堂、会议室、办公室、厕所;目光的焦点,自然落在讲台、舞台、主讲人、演出者,主持人。或许没有闲暇,也没有习惯在迈向大会堂的当儿,远距离看看这座建筑的风貌,近距离观察大门的装饰、发现不同的柱子、各具特色的柱头、触摸墙壁和楼梯的栏杆,然后上到一楼抬头仰望穹隆的结构和造型。

我们常说:“人民的眼睛是雪亮的”,或者某某的眼睛是锐利的。但是,有时不必过于自负,因为未经训练的眼睛,未必看得出真相,未必发觉表象背后的含义和故事;更严重的是经常掉以轻心、视若无睹,即使看过千遍也丝毫没有新发现。如果讨论的主题是建筑,那么,在大多数未经训练的眼中,所谓的建筑,不论古今、不论风格、不论材料与颜色,往往只不过是一个个容纳桌椅的“盒子”。

所以,从今天起,偶尔不妨放慢脚步,训练我们的眼睛,好好看看这座建筑。

隆雪华堂执行长陈亚才 笔


遥想1930年代的吉隆坡,像隆雪华堂这样的规模(图1),可算是豪华建筑之一。礼堂的设计(图2),包括楼上的格局,是演出和社交场地的高雅选择。我国前首相拿督斯里阿都拉巴达威曾在此举行婚宴。在我国,除了宗教建筑之外,有圆顶的建筑并不算多,而且多半属于公共建筑。圆顶往往呈现雄伟稳重托高的气势,建筑外观占了一些优势。走到室内看圆顶的内部(图4),穹隆是另一种风貌。四边拱形结构衬起半个圆球。圆球平分八片;圆形的中空,正是外观上圆顶升高的部分。

是否留意到大会堂的柱子特别多?
柱子是由柱础、柱身和柱头组成的垂直支撑物。柱头和柱身的变化,显示不同的风格。古希腊时代发展出来的多立克式(Doric order)、爱奥尼亚式(Ionic order)以及科林斯式(Corinthian order),成为引领西方古典主义潮流的柱式,长时期对世界各地的建筑产生深远的影响。
涡旋形装饰的柱头(图6、7)是爱奥尼亚式普遍的装饰形式。花型或水草性装饰(图8、9)

跨进隆雪华堂大门之前,是否曾抬头看看门上风光?类似翅膀的装饰,像不像空军部队的徽章设计?(图10,11)楼梯是衔接楼下与楼上的必经通道。这种弧形的设计,免除一分生硬,呈现流畅的动感。(图12)

LED Street Lighting

About LED Street Lighting

Due to improvements in LED technology, the use of LEDs in roadway lighting fixtures has been a new development within the industry. Manufacturers are introducing LED fixtures in their line of products. As LEDs becoming more advanced and cost effective, manufacturers and consumers consider the LED fixtures the future of roadway lighting.

Light emitting diodes (LEDs) are semiconductor devices that emit light when an electric current passes through them. They are designed for better control over the electrical current making them have low current, heat and voltage. This results in longer lifespan, lower maintenance costs and energy savings.

The lifespan of LED Streetlights is determined by its light output compared to its original design specification. Once its brightness decreases wholesale jerseys by 70%, an LED Streetlight is considered to be at the end of its life.

LED Light Conversion

Replacement of the existing High Pressure Sodium wholesale nhl jerseys china Street Lights with LED Street Lights began in residential areas in 2011. The entire street light system is replaced. This includes bases and underground cabling.

Neighbourhood LED Retrofit Program

This program selects neighbourhoods that are in the middle of their life span. The retrofit program targets neighbourhoods with poor pole conditions and old luminaires. Both the pole and luminaires will be replaced in these areas. This will include the conversion of alley lighting. The existing base and cable will remain until the neighbourhood is eventually selected in the future for full reconstruction.

Benefits of LED light fixtures overHigh Pressure Sodiumfixtures

More energy efficient providing energy savings

Longevity and decreased energy consumption offer significant maintenance savings

Control of light dispersion spreads light out evenly and reduces light pollution and wholesale nhl jerseys china light trespass

Reduces CO2 emissions

Conversion from the conventional street lighting to LED technology will result in power consumption reductions between 40% and wholesale jerseys 60% per light, depending on each particular manufacturer.

Light replacement is in line with the previous conversion to LED Traffic Signals in 2006.

LED fixture lifetimes haven’t been time tested. A schedule for upgrades and maintenance should be initiated to determine the actual life of the fixture. Overall, the positive benefits of LED fixtures make them a focus as they become more advanced and cost effective.Articles Connexes: