座談:伊斯蘭教法本旨:翻轉種族政治?

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伊斯蘭法本旨可否成為全民議題?為何?如何?

許多伊斯蘭學者和政治领袖卻質疑伊斯蘭教法律的形式主義與墨守成規的觀點。對他們來說,伊斯兰教法(Syariah)超越了法律。因此,落实教法應當追求的不是形式主义的法律,而是伊斯蘭教法的本旨(maqasid syariah)。本来,伊斯蘭法本旨的古典概念,只涵蓋了保護信仰、生命、理性、財產和子嗣。Al-Qaradawi等當代大宗教學者却已扩大诠释,把追求自由、正義、尊嚴、社會福利等纳入其中。

相较于把国人分为穆斯林与非穆斯林的伊斯蘭刑事法或伊斯蘭國議程,对伊斯蘭本旨的追求可以造福全民。首先,它不走形式主义,更不是处心积虑要抹去殖民及多元遺產的政治议程。其次,最重要的是,它不是民族主义的工具,不以让穆斯林高居于非穆斯林之上,或者把他们区分成两个体系为目的。

本論壇希望能過啟發國人,尤其是非穆斯林/非伊斯蘭主義群体,注意這個令人耳目一新的觀點與其潛力。我們的主讲人(刚好都是穆斯林男性)將解釋什麼是伊斯蘭法本旨,及它如何可能實現並惠及全體馬來西亞人。而,我們的回應人(其中兩位是非穆斯林女性)将探讨前者的建議,並從她們自身關切的課題與觀點上提出疑問。

*此座談將以馬來文和英文進行。

日期:18/11/2015(星期三)

時間:晚上8點

地點:隆雪中華大會堂 誠毅廳

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Can Maqasid Syariah be a national agenda? Why? How?

The cause of implementing Syariah Criminal Law (wrongly dubbed as Hudud law) has always been portrayed as a Muslim and Muslim-only agenda which must be supported by all Muslims and from which all non-Muslims must stay out.

Underlying this Muslim-agenda discourse is the myth that such law affects only the Muslims. Not only non-Muslims are affected if they fell prey to Muslim thieves or robbers, the intention of implementing Syariah Criminal is to change the nature of the nation-state by creating a Muslim core-nation. This is in fact a water-downed version of Daulah Islamiyah (Islamic State) politics, which aims to erase the legacies of colonial rule and replace the post-colonial secular nation-states with theocratic governance or even a single Caliphate.

Many Islamic scholars and politicians however questioned such a formalistic and legalistic view of Syariah. For them, Syariah is more than laws. Instead of implementing specific Syariah laws, what should have been pursued is maqasid syariah. The classical concept of maqasid syariah listed the preservation of faith, life, reason, wealth and lineage. Latter and contemporary scholars like Qaradawi added to the list freedom, justice, human dignity, welfare, etc.
In sharp contrast with the agenda of Syariah cirminal law or Daulah Islamyiah which naturally divide Muslims and non-Muslims, the pursuit of maqasid syariah is not divisive. First, it is not dogmatic and obsessed with forms to erase colonial and plural legacies. Second and most of all, it is not a nationalist agenda to place Muslims above others or segregate them from others.

This forum hopes to enlighten Malaysians especially the non-Muslim/non-Islamist constituency about this refreshing discourse and its potentials. Our panelists (all Muslim male) are expected to explain what maqasid syariah is and how its possible implementation may benefit all Malaysians, while our discussants (two of whom are non-Muslim and female) are expected to examine the former’s proposal and raise their queries from their own concerns and causes.

*Forum will be conducted in Malay & English.

Date: 18/11/2015 (Wed)
Time: 8pm
Venue: Auditorium of KL & Selangor Chinese Assembly Hall

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